What Is Apartheid In South Africa
What is Apartheid ? Apartheid was a system of institutionalized racial segregation that existed in South Africa and South West Africa from 1948 to the early 1990s.
What is apartheid in simple words?
apart·heid ə-ˈpär-ˌtāt -ˌtīt. : racial segregation. specifically : a former policy of segregation and political, social, and economic discrimination against the nonwhite majority in the Republic of South Africa.
What was the main idea of apartheid?
The National Party, which came to power in South Africa in 1948, made apartheid a State policy and espoused the vicious ideology that people of different racial origins could not live together in equality and harmony.
importance of Apartheid
Apartheid was to be the basic ideological and practical foundation of Afrikaner politics for the next quarter of a century. The National Party’s election platform stressed that apartheid would preserve a market for white employment in which nonwhites could not compete.
Frequently Asked Questions About
Who started apartheid?
Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd ([fərˈvuːrt]; 8 September 1901 – 6 September 1966) was a South African politician, a scholar of applied psychology and sociology, and chief editor of Die Transvaler newspaper. He is commonly regarded as the architect of Apartheid.
How do you explain apartheid to a child?
Apartheid means “separateness” or “being apart” in Afrikaans. Blacks and whites were kept separate from each other. Apartheid was racism by law and the government, the laws and the courts supported racism. It was illegal for black and white couples to marry.
How long did apartheid last in South Africa?
The apartheid era in South African history refers to the time that the National Party led the country’s white minority government, from 1948 to 1994.
Why did South Africa get rid of apartheid?
Years of violent internal protest, weakening white commitment, international economic and cultural sanctions, economic struggles, and the end of the Cold War brought down white minority rule in Pretoria.
What were the three main acts of apartheid?
The three most important blocks of legislation were:
- The Race Classification Act. Every citizen suspected of not being European was classified according to race.
- The Mixed Marriages Act. It prohibited marriage between people of different races.
- The Group Areas Act.
How did the apartheid affect South Africa?
Pass laws and apartheid policies prohibited Black people from entering urban areas without immediately finding a job. It was illegal for a Black person not to carry a passbook. Black people could not marry white people. They could not set up businesses in white areas.
Source ; scoutafrica.net