List Of Apartheid Laws In South Africa


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What is meant by Apartheid

Apartheid refers to the system of racist segregation and political and economic oppression enacted and upheld by white people in South Africa to deny Black and other nonwhite people equal rights.

List of Apartheid Laws

  • Suppression of Communism Act, 1950.
  • Public Safety Act, 1953.
  • Riotous Assemblies Act, 1956.
  • Unlawful Organizations Act, 1960.
  • Indemnity Act, 1961.
  • General Law Amendment Act, 1963.
  • Terrorism Act, 1967.
  • Indemnity Act, 1977.

Suppression of Communism Act,

The Suppression of Communism Act, 1950, renamed the Internal Security Act in 1976, was legislation of the national government in apartheid South Africa which formally banned the Communist Party of South…

Public Safety Act,

In 1953, the Public Safety Act was enacted by the apartheid South African government (coming into force 4 March). This Act empowered the government to declare stringent states of emergency and increased penalties for protesting against or supporting the repeal of a law.

Riotous Assemblies Act,

The Riotous Assemblies Act 17 of 1956 intends: to consolidate the laws relating to riotous assemblies and the prohibition of the engendering of feelings of hostility between tbe European and non-European inhabitants of the Union and matters incidental thereto, and the laws relating to certain offences.

Unlawful Organizations Act,

The Unlawful Organizations Act No 34 of 1960 allowed the apartheid government of South Africa to declare unlawful any organizations deemed to threaten public order or the safety of the public. This legislation was enacted within a few weeks of 1960’s Sharpeville Massacre.

Indemnity Act,

In legal terms, an Act of Indemnity is a statute passed to protect people who have committed some illegal act which would otherwise cause them to be subjected to legal penalties.

General Law Amendment Act,

The General Law Amendment Act 46 of 1935 intends: to amend the laws relating to criminal and civil procedure and evidence, to magistrates’ courts, to the police and to certain offences.

Terrorism Act,

terrorism art, suppress and detect acts of terrorism, to prevent the territory, resources
and financial services of this country from being used to commit terrorist acts, to protect the right of
people in this country to live in peace, freedom and security and to provide for connected purposes.

What were the pass laws of apartheid?

Pass Laws. The Pass Laws Act of 1952 required black South Africans over the age of 16 to carry a pass book, known as a dompas, everywhere and at all times. The dompas was similar to a passport, but it contained more pages filled with more extensive information than a normal passport.

What was the first apartheid law?

The first apartheid law was the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, 1949, followed closely by the Immorality Amendment Act of 1950, which made it illegal for most South African citizens to marry or pursue sexual relationships across racial lines.

What are some examples of apartheid laws that were in place in South Africa?

Examples of Key Apartheid Laws

Population Registration Act 1950 Created a national register in which every individual’s race was officially recorded. Group Areas Act 1950 Legally codified segregation by creating distinct residential areas for each race. Immorality Act 1950 Prohibited sex between whites and non-whites.

What are the four categories of apartheid?

Racial classification was the foundation of all apartheid laws. It placed individuals in one of four groups: ‘native’, ‘coloured’, ‘Asian’ or ‘white’.

What was the first apartheid law that was passed in 1949?

The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act

The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No. 55 of 1949, was an apartheid law in South Africa that prohibited marriages between “whites” and “non-whites”. It was among the first pieces of apartheid legislation to be passed following the National Party’s rise to power in 1948.

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