What Is Restorative Justice In South Africa


What Is Restorative Justice In South Africa ? Restorative Justice sees crime as an act against the victim and shifts the focus to repairing the harm that has been committed against the victim and community. It believes that the offender also needs assistance and seeks to identify what needs to change to prevent future re-offending.

Why did South Africa use restorative justice?

The TRC sought to provide a clear picture of the past, to promote reintegration and reconciliation, to establish a human rights culture, as well as to facilitate a peaceful political transition. To fulfill these goals it adopted a restorative approach rather than a retributive one.

What is restorative justice in simple terms?

Restorative justice seeks to examine the harmful impact of a crime and then determines what can be done to repair that harm while holding the person who caused it accountable for his or her actions. Accountability for the offender means accepting responsibility and acting to repair the harm done.

Importance Of Restorative Justice In South Africa

Restorative Justice processes must comply with the rule of law, human rights principles and the rights provided in the South African Constitution. Restorative Justice must promote the dignity of victims and offenders, and ensure that there is no domination or discrimination.

Frequently Asked Questions About Restorative Justice In South Africa

What are the 3 core ideas of restorative justice?

The client-offender should be accountable to correct his or her mistake, and restitute whatever damages were inflicted (accountability). The victim has to be compensated and be empowered again (competency development). The community and its inhabitants deserve an orderly and peaceful society (public safety).

When was restorative justice introduced in South Africa?

Restorative justice in South Africa is still a fairly new phenomenon; it was formally introduced in 1992, when the National Institute for Crime Prevention and the Reintegration of Offenders (NICRO) introduced its Victim-Offender Mediation (VOM) project.

What is the main purpose of restorative justice?

Restoration — repairing the harm and rebuilding relationships in the community — is the primary goal of restorative juvenile justice. Results are measured by how much repair was done rather than by how much punishment was inflicted.

What is another word for restorative justice?

Restorative justice (sometimes known in these contexts as circle justice) continues to be a feature of indigenous justice systems today.

What is the main objective of the restorative justice?

The Aims of Restorative Justice

Restorative justice is concerned with healing victims’ wounds, restoring offenders to law-abiding lives, and repairing harm done to interpersonal relationships and the community.

Which leader in South Africa believed that post conflict justice should be restorative?

As chairman of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission in the 1990s, Tutu sought to apply the principle of restorative justice, in contrast to “retributive justice” that he believed would not achieve lasting peace in a post-Apartheid South Africa.

What is the difference between justice and restorative justice?

At its core, restorative justice defines “justice” in a radically different way than conventional criminal justice responses. Rather than justice as “punishment,” restorative justice conceives of justice as “repair” to the harm caused by crime and conflict.

What are the benefits of a restorative justice process?

Research on restorative justice has found many positive benefits, such as high levels of participant satisfaction, decreased fear for victims, and reduced recidivism for offenders. Research has also suggested that restorative justice processes may have positive impacts on a participant’s overall well-being.

Source ; scoutafrica.net

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