Press "Enter" to skip to content

List Of Tribes In Africa

List Of Tribes In Africa

How many tribes are there in Africa? With around 3,000 tribes and 2,000 languages and dialects, Africa is a continent with fascination around every corner.

What Is Meant By African Tribe ?

A Tribe is an organization of people who share the same culture and language. History can point to the success of a tribal organization as a means of living, if not particularly a means of creating wealth and well-being. In the days when African life was largely rural, few members moved away from their tribal areas.

What are the oldest tribes in Africa?

7 Oldest African Tribes

  1. San (Bushmen) Age: 100,000 – 140,000 years old.
  2. Nama. Age: 100,000 – 140,000
  3. Hadza. Age: over 100,000 years old
  4. African Pygmies. Age: over 100,000
  5. Sandawe. Age: over 87,000 years old
  6. Berbers. Age: over 10,000 years old.
  7. Maasai. over 3,000 years old. 

Which tribe in Africa is the most successful?

The Zulu tribe is one of the most prominent and richest tribe in Africa and widely known around the globe. They speak the isiZulu language and are found mostly in South Africa with a large population of the tribe in countries Zambia, Zimbabwe and other African countries.


The Tuareg people are a large Berber ethnic group that principally inhabit the Sahara in a vast area stretching from far southwestern Libya to southern Algeria, Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso. Traditionally nomadic pastoralists, small groups of Tuareg are also found in northern Nigeria.

What makes the Tuareg unique? Most Tuaregs practice Islam, and they have developed their own distinctive brand of the religion. Tuareg belong to the Maliki sect of Islam, resulting from the teachings of the great prophet, El Maghili, who came among them in the early 16th century.


The Bedouin, Beduin or Bedu are nomadic Arab tribes who have historically inhabited the desert regions in the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, the Levant, and Mesopotamia. However, the Arabian Peninsula is the historic and original homeland of the Bedouin Arabs.

What is the lifestyle of Bedouins?Traditionally, the Bedouin Arabs of the Negev desert in southern Israel had a nomadic/semi-nomadic lifestyle based upon herding and seasonal agriculture. After the establishment of Israel in 1948, their land base and mobility were greatly reduced.


The Dogon are an ethnic group indigenous to the central plateau region of Mali, in West Africa, south of the Niger bend, near the city of Bandiagara, and in Burkina Faso. The population numbers between 400,000 and 800,000.


The Yoruba people are a West African ethnic group that mainly inhabits parts of Nigeria, Benin and Togo that constitute Yorubaland. The Yorubas constitute around 45 million people in Africa, are a few hundred thousand outside the continent, and bear further representation among members of the African diaspora. 


Ashanti, also known as Asante, are part of the Akan ethnic group and are native to the Ashanti Region of modern-day Ghana. Twi is spoken by over nine million Ashanti people as a first or second language. Their religion involves the supernatural and spiritual with ancestors very important in family life. Those aspects are more evident in rural areas away from Ghana’s capital, Accra.


The best known of the Pygmy Ethnic Group are the Mbenga who are found in the West Congo Basin. There are a dozen different pygmy groups with the Mbenga one that speaks Bantu and Ubangian. They are hunter-gatherers largely dependent on what the forests can provide. They trade with neighbors for other things they need. Accurate numbers are difficult to ascertain but educated guesses suggest around half a million live in the Congo rainforest.


Hamar people are a community inhabiting southwestern Ethiopia. They live in Hamer woreda, a fertile part of the Omo River valley, in the Debub Omo Zone of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region. They are largely pastoralists, so their culture places a high value on cattle.


The Maasai are a Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting northern, central and southern Kenya and northern Tanzania. They are among the best known local populations internationally due to their residence near the many game parks of the African Great Lakes, and their distinctive customs and dress.


The Hadza, or Hadzabe, are a Tanzanian indigenous ethnic group mostly based in southwest Karatu District of Arusha Region. They live around Lake Eyasi in the central Rift Valley and in the neighboring Serengeti Plateau. There are, as of 2015, between 1,200 and 1,300 Hadza people living in Tanzania, however only around 400 Hadza still survive exclusively based on the traditional means of foraging. Additionally, the increasing impact of tourism and encroaching pastoralists pose serious threats to the continuation of their traditional way of life.


The San peoples, or Bushmen, are members of various Khoe, Tuu, or Kxʼa-speaking indigenous hunter-gatherer cultures that are the first cultures of Southern Africa, and whose territories span Botswana, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and South Africa. 


Zulu people are a Nguni ethnic group in Southern Africa. The Zulu people are the largest ethnic group and nation in South Africa with an estimated 10–12 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal. They originated from Nguni communities who took part in the Bantu migrations over millennia. 

Don’t miss out on current updates, kindly like us on Facebook Follow Us On Instagram &  Subscribe To Our Channel OR leave a comment below for further inquiries.

Be First to Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

©2020 Scoutafrica